Alaska State Drug Testing Laws Workplace Drug Testing Issues
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Alaska State Drug Testing Laws

Workplace Drug Testing Issues – Alaska State Laws

These categories do not affect DOT-regulated drug testing. Government employers should always call for potential additional restrictions on employee drug testing.

Alaska employers may test job applicants for any job-related purpose, consistent with business necessity and the terms of the employer's policy. See Alaska Statutes Title 23. Labor and Workers' Compensation

Workplace Drug Testing Laws in Alaska

Drug Testing Issue Status Comments
Instant or POCT Testing Not Allowed All initial and confirmation testing must take place in a laboratory.
Drug Panels No Restrictions
Laboratory Certification Required CAP or SAMHSA
Medical Review Officer Required
Random Testing Possible Restrictions Case law may limit random testing to safety-sensitive employees.
Post-Accident No Restrictions
Reasonable Suspicion No Restrictions
Oral Fluids Restrictions Voluntary law does not allow oral fluids.
Hair Testing No Restrictions
Unemployment Denial Yes SAMHSA Lab Required. Address in company policy employee is disqualified from receiving benefits if they were discharged for misconduct.
Workers Comp Discount No
Intoxication Defense Yes Alaska Statute 23.30.235 - Cases in Which No Compensation is Payable: proximately caused by intoxication of the injured employee or proximately caused by the employee being under the influence of drugs unless the drugs were taken as prescribed by the employee's physician.
Medical Marijuana Yes Alaska Statute. 17.37.040(d) - Nothing in this chapter requires any accommodation of any medical use of marijuana (1)u2002in any place of employment;
Recreational Marijuana Yes Recommend drug testing for marijuana only with a solid written drug-free workplace policy. The law does not require an employer to permit or accommodate the use, consumption, possession, transfer, display, transportation, sale, or growing of marijuana in the workplace or to affect the ability of employers to have policies restricting the use of marijuana by employees. See the five steps below.
Report Driver DOT Positives No
General Statute Voluntary law provides for limited legal protections - § 23.10.620.

Voluntary law provides for limited legal protections -§ 23.10.620.

Medical Marijuana – Alaska Statute. 17.37.040(d)

Intoxication Defense - Alaska Statute 23.30.235.

Intoxication Defense – Denial of Workers Compensation Claim - States vary in their willingness to allow employers to use an injured worker's intoxication against a compensation claim. State laws' intoxication defenses generally fall into one of three rough categories: reasons that do not depend on causation; defenses that require some form of proximate causation between intoxication and injury; and defenses that require that intoxication be the sole cause of injury. Always check with your insurance company and attorney when you have a positive post-accident test after an injury.

In Alaska, take these five steps to protect your business:

  1. Determine how to treat marijuana strategically.
  2. Develop new policies if none exist or update existing policies.
  3. Consider implementing a drug-testing program if you have not already done so. Be sure it complies with Alaska's Safe Harbor Statute.
  4. Provide any changes in policy or new policy to employees.
  5. Decide how you will treat a breach of your policies or a confirmed positive test.

Policy Statement Example:

The Company considers employee use of marijuana for medical and recreational purposes potential health, safety, and security problem. To ensure the maintenance of safety, productivity, quality of services, and property security, the Company maintains a zero-tolerance policy for all employees, including but not limited to employees in "safety-sensitive" positions.

This chart is intended for informational purposes only and should not be relied upon for legal guidance. State and local laws vary greatly; therefore, you are advised to consult experienced legal counsel during the design of your actual substance abuse testing program and with any questions that follow.

View Individual State Law Summaries