West Virginia State Drug Testing Laws Workplace drug testing issues – State Laws –West Virginia
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West Virginia State Drug Testing Laws

Workplace drug testing issues – State Laws –West Virginia

These categories do not affect DOT-regulated drug testing. Government employers should always call for potential additional restrictions on employee drug testing.

Post-accident drug testing may be prohibited in West Virginia.

Workplace Drug Testing Laws in West Virginia

Drug Testing Issue Status Comments
Instant or POCT Testing Restricted Must use the certified lab.
Drug Panels Limited Amphetamines, cannabinoids, cocaine, opiates, phencyclidine, benzodiazepines, propoxyphene, methadone, barbiturates, and expanded opiates
Laboratory Restricted Follow SAMHSA guidelines for collection and testing.
Medical Review Officer Restricted/Required Required under several statutes
Random Testing Restricted Only when safety is an issue
Post-Accident Limited Permits post-injury testing but only if the employer has a reasonable and good faith objective suspicion of the employee's intoxication.
Reasonable Suspicion No Restrictions
Oral Fluids Restricted
Hair Testing Restricted
Unemployment Denial Yes Identify in policy that drug or alcohol use at work is misconduct. Drug test cheating constitutes misconduct.
Workers Comp Discount No
Intoxication Defense Yes No employee is entitled to receive any sum under the provisions of this chapter on account of any personal injury or death caused by the employee's intoxication. See Note
Medical Marijuana Yes Medical marijuana is legal in West Virginia, in the form of dry leaf or plant form, pills, oils, gels, creams or ointments, extracts consumed through vaporization or nebulization, tinctures liquids, and dermal patches.
Recreational Marijuana No
Report Driver DOT Positives No West Virginia Mining Employers Must Report Positive Drug and Alcohol Test Results, and Refusals to Test
General Statute West Virginia drug testing rules stem from related court decisions and specific statutes.

There are several laws in West Virginia regulating drug testing:

Mining Industry – West Virginia - TITLE 56 LEGISLATIVE RULE, OFFICE OF MINERS' HEALTH, SAFETY AND TRAINING - Every employer shall implement a substance abuse policy and testing program, which shall be administered to its certified and safety-sensitive employees.

Working on Public Contracts – Drug-free workplace policy is required. CHAPTER 21. LABOR. ARTICLE 1D. WEST VIRGINIA ALCOHOL AND DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE ACT.

West Virginia law requires drug testing of amusement ride operators, Bungee site operators, Public Works Contractors, and state mine operators.

Note: Intoxication Defense – Denial of Workers Compensation Claim - The state statute provides an opportunity for employers to take advantage of a properly drafted and administered drug testing program by asserting a defense to a workers' compensation claim when the injured employee tests positive. But, there must be suspicion of drug or alcohol use at the time of the accident. West Virginia Code 23-4-2(a)

This chart is intended for informational purposes only and should not be relied upon for legal guidance. State and local law vary greatly; therefore, you are advised to consult experienced legal counsel during the design of your actual substance abuse testing program and with any questions that follow.

View Individual State Law Summaries