Minnesota State Drug Testing Laws Workplace Drug Testing Issues – Minnesota State Laws
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Minnesota State Drug Testing Laws

Workplace Drug Testing Issues – Minnesota State Laws

These categories do not affect DOT-regulated drug testing. Government employers should always call for potential additional restrictions on employee drug testing.

A written drug-free workplace policy is required in Minnesota. See also Minnesota's Drug and Alcohol Testing Act; AUTHORIZED DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING – 181.951

Important to Note: In Minnesota, employers are required to notify employees and applicants in writing of both positive and negative results within three days of receipt of the results from a laboratory.

Workplace Drug Testing Laws in Minnesota

Drug Testing Issue Status Comments
Instant or POCT Testing Not permitted Quest Diagnostics does not perform instant testing at its drug testing centers in Minnesota. LabCorp drug testing centers in Minnesota do perform instant testing. Instant testing is prohibited for all employee drug testing.
Drug Panels No restrictions
Laboratory Certified laboratory required Alere, Quest, and LabCorp are certified.
Medical Review Officer Not required It is recommended to avoid liability exposure.
Random Testing Restricted Safety sensitive employees only.
Post-Accident Limited Minnesota employers should only conduct post-accident drug testing when they believe the individual caused or contributed to the accident.
Reasonable Suspicion Permitted
Oral Fluids Permitted
Hair Testing Permitted
Unemployment Denial Yes Benefits are denied if the employee is terminated for intoxication at work, including a positive drug test.
Workers Comp Discount No
Intoxication Defense Yes No compensation if the intoxication of the employee is the proximate cause of the injury.
Medical Marijuana Yes To qualify for the program, the individual must have cancer or a terminal illness with a probable life expectancy of under one year. Nothing in the law requires an employer to accommodate the use of marijuana in the workplace.
Recreational Marijuana No
Report Driver DOT Positives No
General Statute 181.951 AUTHORIZED DRUG AND ALCOHOL TESTING - Minnesota's Drug and Alcohol Testing Act

Intoxication Defense – Denial of Workers Compensation Claim – States vary in their willingness to allow employers to use an injured worker's intoxication against a compensation claim. State laws' intoxication defenses generally fall into one of three rough categories: reasons that do not depend on causation; defenses that require some form of proximate causation between intoxication and injury; and defenses that require that intoxication be the sole cause of injury. Always check with your insurance company and your attorney when you have a refusal or positive post-accident test after an injury.

Instant or POCT drug testing is prohibited in Minnesota for workplace drug testing, and this would also include breath alcohol testing in non-DOT workplace situations.

This chart is intended for informational purposes only and should not be relied upon for legal guidance. State and local law vary greatly; therefore, you are advised to consult experienced legal counsel during the design of your actual substance abuse testing program and with any questions that follow.

View Individual State Law Summaries